The endogenous dynamics of markets: price impact and feedback loops

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Jean-Philippe Bouchaud (Capital Fund Management, ESPCI Paris Tech, Ecole Polytechnique)

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Slide list  
  • Uploaded by:

    NIIF Intézet
  • Time of recording:

    May 6, 2011

    Length of recording:

    57m 3s
  • Time of upload:

    May 9, 2011
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Description

We review the evidence that the erratic dynamics of markets is to a large extent of endogenous origin, i.e. determined by the trading activity itself and not due to the rational processing of exogenous news. In order to understand why and how prices move, the joint fluctuations of order flow and liquidity – and the way these impact prices – become the key ingredients. Impact is necessary for private information to be reflected in prices, but by the same token, random fluctuations in order flow necessarily contribute to the volatility of markets. Our thesis is that the latter contribution is in fact dominant, resulting in a decoupling between prices and fundamental values, at least on short to medium time scales. We argue that markets operate in a regime of vanishing revealed liquidity, but large latent liquidity, which would explain their hyper-sensitivity to fluctuations. More precisely, we identify a dangerous feedback loop between bid-ask spread and volatility that may lead to microliquidity crises and price jumps. We discuss several other unstable feedback loops that should be relevant to account for market crises: imitation, unwarranted quantitative models, pro-cyclical regulation, etc.

The European Future Technologies Conference and Exhibition

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